History of Motihari

Motihari in History

Motihari is the one of the well known city of Bihar state. The British had made Champaran an independent district in the year 1866, but in year 1971 Champaran was divided into 2 parts Eastern and Western Champaran. The eastern part is known as Purvi Champaran (East Champaran).

Motihari is the headquarter of East Champaran district. Motihari has recorded his presence in the pages of history. The Father of the Nation of India, Mahatma Gandhi ji, had laid the foundation of freedom struggle from Motihari. The movement was named Satyagraha Andolan, which shook the root of British rule.

Two eminent personality related to motihari are Mahatama Gandhi and George Orwell. One was well renowned for his pretty lethal weapon "AHINSA" (NON Violence) where as other used his pen against social injustice and totalitarianism.

Origin of Name Motihari

It is believed that the name of this city is inspired by the name of two ancient kings of here, Moti Singh and Hari Singh.

Mahatama Gandhi

Name Date of Birth Place of Birth Died Education Known for Spouse Children Signature
Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi 02 October 1869 Porbandar, Gujrat 30 January 1948 University College London Freedom Fighter Kasturba Gandhi Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas

Mahatma Gandhi Visit to Motihari

It was Champaran that acquainted me with India, Mahatma Gandhi wrote in one of his letters. BAPU Father of our nation while his visit to Champaran on request of Raj kumar Shukla (A farmer belonging to land of East Champaran), got impetus to start a movement against the dictatorship of British government. Those days the farmers of East Champaran were coerced to sow AFEEM (opium) and NEEL (indigo)on certain portion of their farms so that British government can make money out of it.

Mahatama Gandhi arrived at Motihari, with Rajkumar Shukla on April 15, 1917. Gandhi Ji was welcomed by congress workers and local farmers at Motihari railway station and taken to the home of lawyer Gorakh Prasad at Dharmsamaj street area of Motihari at that point started his correspondence with local farmers.

Gandhi was communicated about the barbarities on indigo farmers in Champaran at the 31st meeting of the Indian National Congress in Lucknow. In a composed explanation, Shukla expressed that the East India Company had begun indigo farming in India, including Champaran.

These crops make the agricultural land infertile. Also British government was not paying enough money to the farmers and so the plight of farmers became worse with time. Fed up with this system , one of the farmer named Raj Kumar shukla invited Bapu to have a visit to their place and help them in extirpating this law to make their life better.

To ameliorate the condition of these indenture farmers of Chamapran, BAPU visited Motihari on 10th April 1917. If we go by the report of AICC (All India congress committee) a huge mass has greeted him in his mission to get INDIPENDENCE and make INDIA free of BRITISH rules. The plight of these farmers made BAPU to start a historic movement named CHAMPARAN SATYAGRAH.

In spite of getting threatening messages from British government BAPU kept this movement alive and accepted the imprisonment. Respecting the summon , he appeared in court of Sub divisional magistrate of Motihari on 8th April 1917. There he avowed not to obey the Rules imposed by BRITISH govt.

He also visited West champaran (Bettiah) on 22nd April 1917. It was the people of whole Champaran who participated in this movement to make it successful and that’s how this place got registered in the pages of Indian National movement. Besides non co-operation movement, demonstration against SIMON commission in year 1929, gathering in Motihari against the failure of Round table conference to pledge for Indian Independence are some more historic events related to this place.

Satyagraha Andolan and Motihari

Satyagraha Andolan (Satyagraha Movement) was started by Mahatma Gandhi from the land of Motihari in Bihar. Satyagraha movement proved to be milestone in the history of India's freedom. Prior to the Satyagraha movement, Mahatma Gandhi used to be a prominent lawyer in South Africa. It is said that since the Satyagraha movement, people started to know Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi by the name of 'Mahatma'. Read more about Satyagrah Andolan

Highlights about Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1888-1891: Studied law in London
  • 1893: Sailed for South Africa
  • 1906: Began Satyagraha campaign in South Africa to protest the requirement that Indians be fingerprinted and carry identification cards
  • 1915: Returned to India from South Africa
  • 1917: Initiated Champaran Satyagraha to alleviate the condition of indigo planters
  • 1919: Instituted Satyagraha campaign in India to protest the Rowlatt Acts, which deprived all Indians of important civil liberties.
  • 1922: Ended Non-Cooperation movement against British Raj after his followers were involved in a series of riots and disturbances that violated his policy of nonviolence
  • 1930: Led Dandi March to collect salt in protest of the British salt tax.
  • 1931: Signed a pact with Lord Irwin to suspend the Civil Disobedience Movement and went to London to attend Round Table Conference.
  • 1932: Fasted to protest the treatment of people who belonged to no Hindu caste, the Harijans or Untouchables
  • 1942: Launched Quit India Movement against British Raj. January 30, 1948: Assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.

If you want to know about Education in Motihari, then visit this link Education in Motihari

George Orwell

Name Date of Birth Birth Place Died Place Nick Name Occupation Signature
George Orwell 25 June 1903 Motihari, Bihar 21 January 1950 London John Freeman Writer, Author

Moving Ahead , the next person in the row is George Orwell. George Orwell(Real name Eric Arthur Blair , 25 June, 1903 – 21 January, 1950) was well known for his cognitive approach to social injustice, intense opposition to totalitarianism.

Clarity in expressing was one of his forte. Born on 25 June 1903 in Motihari, (Belongs to Bengal presidency in British ruled INDIA) describe his family as “Lower-upper-middle class”. His father Richard Walmesley Blair was working in in the Opium Department of the Indian Civil Service. His mother name was Ida Mabel Blair. He had two sisters named Marjorie(5 year older) and Avril,( 5 years younger). When he was only one year old, his mother took him to England.

Some novels written by Geroge Orwell

Burmese Days (1934) • A Clergyman's Daughter (1935) • Keep the Aspidistra Flying (1936) • Coming Up for Air (1939) • Animal Farm (1945) • Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) Some Essays written by George Orwell: The Spike (1931) • A Hanging (1931) • Shooting an Elephant (1936) • Inside the Whale (1940) • Boys' Weeklies (1940) • The Lion and The Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius (1941)