East Champaran District

About East Champaran District

East Champaran district (Purvi Champaran Zila) is one of the famous district in Bihar. It is the second most populous district in Bihar after Patna. Primary language of East Champaran district is Bhojpuri and Hindi. Motihari is the head-quarter of East Champaran district. It comes under Tirhut Division. East Champaran has an area of 3968 Sq. KM. Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Baghmati rivers flows through this district. Mahatama Gandhi started 'Satyagrah Andolan' from this district.

Origin of the name Champaran

The name Champaran came from Champa-Aranya. Here Champa means Mongolia and aranya means forest (Jungle). So Champaranya means - Forest of Champa or Mongolia. In this way, this district is called Champaran. In modern times Champaran has been divided into two parts. The eastern part was called Purvi Champaran and the western part was called Paschimi Champaran.

History of East Champaran

The district of East Champaran has already registered his indelible remark in historic pages of Indian national movement. East Champaran district was established in the year 1866. on 1st December 1971, the Champaran district got bifurcated in two parts - Purbi Champaran (East Champaran) and Paschimi Champaran (West Champaran). In early days the land of East Chamapran was ruled by different kingdoms as Videha,Sunga,Kanvas. It is also believed that Champaran used to be a major part of King Janak's empire.

But it was Champaran Satyagrah which gave a worldwide recognition to this district.

List of Villages in East Champaran District

Below are the names of some of the villages which fall under East Champaran district.

Village Name Distance from Motihari
Bahadurpur (बहादुरपुर) (Near Areraj) 30 Kilometers
Bajitpur (बाजितपुर) 38 Kilometers
Bariyarpur (बरियारपुर) 06 Kilometers
Barwan (बारवां) (Near Areraj) 28 Kilometers
Ekderwa (एकडेरवा) 40 Kilometers
Kadamwa (कदमवा) 30 Kilometers
Lakhaura (लखौरा) 13 Kilometers
Machhargawan (मच्छरगांवां) 14 Kilometers
Paharpur (पहाड़पुर) 35 Kilometers
Phenhara Jamuniya (फेनहारा जमुनिया) 20 Kilometers
Rajepur Nawada (राजेपुर नवादा) 35 Kilometers
Ramgarhwa (रामगढ़वा) 35 Kilometers
Sikatiya (सिकटिया) 41 Kilometers
Tikuliya (टिकुलिया) -- Kilometers

Sub Divisions in East Champaran District

List of Vidhan Sabha Constituency in East Champaran (Purvi Champaran) District

  • Chiraia
  • Dhaka
  • Govindganj
  • Harsidhi
  • Kalyanpur
  • Kesaria
  • Madhuban
  • Motihari
  • Narkatiya
  • Pipra
  • Raxaul
  • Sagauli (Sugauli)