Satyagrah Andolan in Champaran

The movement that laid the foundations of freedom

Satyagrah - Solicitation for truth

Satyagraha movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi from the land of Champaran in Bihar. In April 1917, on the request of Rajkumar Shukla, Mahatma Gandhi went to Champaran and started the Satyagraha movement against the cultivation of neel. Satyagraha movement was the first mass movement done by Mahatma Gandhi in India.

Satyagraha movement proved to be milestone in the history of India's freedom. Prior to the Satyagraha movement, Mahatma Gandhi used to be a prominent lawyer in South Africa. It is said that since the Satyagraha movement, people started to know Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi by the name of 'Mahatma'.

Rajkumar Shukla calls from Mahatma Gandhi to see the plight of Neel farmers. Seeing the plight of the farmers, Gandhiji decided to oppose it, which gradually turned into a big movement. In this movement, the well-known faces of Bihar were associated with Gandhiji, among them Rajendra Prasad, Ramnavami Prasad, Babu Brijkishore were the chiefs.

On 15th April Gandhiji reached Motihari, Motihari, which is today also the headquarters of East Champaran district. Click here for more information about Motihari. After reaching Motihari, Gandhiji sent messages from the other corner of the country to his known people.

Gandhiji started the movement with a village of Motihari in Jasalpatti, because a recent incident occurred in Jasalpatti. In the camp of the British, there was a different rift due to this movement. Gandhiji had understood the oppressive policies of the British behind the cultivation of Neel. Neel's cultivation is farmed against nature, due to which there is a huge loss to farmer's farm.

The Satyagraha movement, run by Mahatma Gandhi, gained not only the fame of the whole world, but this movement shook the British empire. When Gandhiji reached Motihari in 1917, he reviewed about 2900 villages

Benefits of this movement

  • Development initiatives in Champaran
  • After this movement Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi came to be known as 'Mahatma'