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About Nalanda District (Nalanda Jila)

Nalanda district is one of the 38 districts of the province of Bihar in India. Bihar Sharif is the headquarter of this district. The areas contain the old Nalanda Mahavihara an UNESCO World Heritage site.

Nalanda, established in the fifth century AD, is well known as the antiquated seat of learning. The remnants of the world's most noteworthy educational organizations in history lies here which is 62 km from Bodhgaya and 90 km south of Patna.

It comes under Patna division.

Nalanda goes about as a commemoration of the past, spotted with the tradition of the Mauryan and the Gupta dynasties.It is said that Nalanda University was eminent to such an extent that students from around the world showed up to concentrate here.

Nalanda turned into a completely fledged district when it was part from Patna on 9 November 1972.

Vidhan Sabha in Nalanda District


Agribusiness is the foundation of the economy, with most of the populace occupied with horticulture. Rice, wheat, maize, beats, potato, natural products, and vegetables are the fundamental harvests. A recently arrangement Ordnance Factory, one of the 41 Indian Ordnance Factories has been set up by the Ministry of Defense, Government of India to fabricate cannons shells at Nalanda by the then Defense Minister Shri George Fernandes. At that point there is the railroad mentor support plant at Harnaut Block of Nalanda.

Vacation destination

The travel industry is all around created, with lakhs of individuals running at vestiges of Nalanda University, Rajgir and Pawapuri. Rajgir was the principal capital of Magadh Empire. Buddha had gone through years at this spot. Encircled by five slopes, it has grand perspectives. Pawapuri, the Nirwana spot of Mahavir, is sacred spot for the Jains.

Administrative Structure

Sub Divisions: There are 3 Sub Divisions. Modern District of Nalanda with HQ Biharsharif was established on 9 November 1972. Earlier it was Biharsharif sub-division of Patna district. Bihar Sharif, Rajgir, Hilsa

Blocks: There are 20 blocks. Giriyak, Rahui, Ajaypur Noorsarai, Harnaut, Chandi (Nalanda), Islampur (Nalanda), Rajgir, Asthawan, Sarmera, Hilsa, Biharsharif, Ekangarsarai, Bena, Nagarnausa, Karai Parsarai, Silao, Parwalpur, Katrisarai, Bind, Tharthari.

How to arrive at Nalanda?

Via Air

Patna's Loknayak Jaiprakash Airport, around 80 km, is the closest air terminal that is associated with significant Indian urban areas.

By Road

Great motorable road interface Nalanda with different urban communities in the state and the country.

By Rail

The closest railhead is at Rajgir, around 12 km away, that interfaces the city with Delhi, Patna and Gaya.

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